Validation and Measurement Invariance of the Personal Financial Wellness Scale

In 2020, 17.1% of the population in the European Union was at risk of poverty . Poverty is often assessed using objective measures such as absolute and relative income levels. However, different individuals may experience [...]

Personal Financial Wellness Scale™ is now available in 7 languages

The PFW Scale™ is an eight item survey, which is a reliable measurement of perceived financial distress/financial well-being. It provides the user with a score, which has been scientifically determined to be a valid [...]

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